VIETNAM

The Nguyen Phuoc Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1885 - 1889 H.M. [Nguyễn-Phc Bien] Đồng Khnh [Cảnh Tng Thuần Hong ế], King of Annam. b. 19th February 1864, as Nguyễn Phc Ưng Kỷ, eldest son of H.H. Prince Nguyễn-Phc Huong Hoi-ou Cai, Thuan Nghi Kien-Thoi Vương, by Bi Thị Thạnh, educ. privately. Received the names of Nguyn-Phc Ưng Xuy and Nguyn-Phc Đường. Adopted by his uncle, Emperor Tự Đức, granted the title of Hong Tử with the personal appellation of Chnh Mng1879. Raised to the title of Kin Giang Qun Cng 30th July 1883. Proclaimed as Emperor 14th September 1885. Enthroned at the Thi Ha Palace, Huế, with the reign name of of Bien and the era of Đng Khnh, 20th September 1885. Granted the posthumous title of Cnh Tng Hoằng Liệt Thống Thiết Mẫn Huệ Thuần Hong Đế with the temple name Phng Tin. m. (first) at Huế, September 1885, H.M. Grand Empress Dowager Khon-Nguyn Xuong-Minh (b. 22nd December 1870; d. 9th November 1935, bur. Thng Cung Mausoleum, Dương Xun Thượng, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thin province), granted the title of Hong Qu phi 14th September 1885, prom. to Phụ Thin Thuần Hong Hậu 20th September 1885, elevated to the title of Khon-Nguyễn Xuong-Minh Thai-Hong-Thi Hu 19th March 1933, and prom. to the posthumous title of Phụ Thin Dực Thnh Khn Nguyn Xương Minh Mục Từ Quảng Trang Tĩnh Nhn Thọ Thuần Hong Hậu by Emperor Bảo ại, ne Nguyễn Hữu Thị Nhn, second daughter of H.E. Nguyễn Hữu Độ, Duke of Vĩnh (Vĩnh Quốc Cng), from Thanh Ha province, Kinh Lược (High Commissioner) for Tonkin 1886-1888 and Minister for Public Functions 1884-1886. m. (second) at the Imperial Palace, Huế, 28th September1886, H.M. Empress Hựu Thin Thuần (Hựu Thin Thuần Hong-hậu) (b. at Trung-Kien, Huế, 18th April 1868; d. at the Truong-Sanh Palace, Huế, 17th September 1944, bur. An Cựu, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thin province), granted the title of Ha Tần 1886, prom toTiệp Dư 1899, Hong Thi phi 1916, Khn Nghi Hong Thi Hậu 16th January 1924, to Khn Nghi Xương Đức Thi Hong Thi Hậu 20th March 1933, and finally to the posthumous title of Hựu Thin Tương Thnh Khn Nghi Xương Đức Khoan Hậu Từ Ha Thọ Khang Trang Tc Thuần Hong Hậu, ne Dương Thị Thục, daughter of H.E. Dương Quang Hường, Duke of Ph Lộc (Ph Lộc Quận Cng), from Ph Lộc, in Thừa Thin province. m. (a) Trần (Đăng) Thị Đồng, Quan phi. m. (b) Hồ Thị Qui, Tiệp dư. m. (c) ... B Hiệp. m. (d) Hồ Thị Nhỏ, Tiệp dư. He d. at the Imperial Palace, Huế, 28th January 1889 (bur. Tư Lăng Mausoleum, Dương Xun Thượng, Thủy Xun, in Thừa Thin province), having had issue, six sons and four daughters:
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1889 - 1907 H.M. [Nguyễn-Phc Bửu Lan] Thnh Thi [Hoang Phu Hong ế], King of Annam. b. 14th March 1879, seventh son of H.M. [Nguyễn-Phc Ưng Chan] Duc-Đức [Cung Huệ Hong Đế], Emperor of Dai Viet, by his first wife, H.M. Empress Dowager Từ Minh Huệ, educ. privately. Granted the title of Hoi Trạch Cng (Prince of Hoi Trạch). Adopted by To-Duc. Selected by the family as successor to King Dong Kanh, 29th January 1889. Proclaimed at Huế, 31st January 1889 and enthroned there at the Palace of Thai-Hoa with the era name of Thnh Thi, 1st February 1889. Reigned under a Council of Regency. Deposed by the French 30th July 1907 and exiled to the island of Vung Tau. Thereafter styled His Highness Prince Bửu Lan, Hong phu (Father of the Emperor). Exiled to Runion with his son 2nd July 1916. Granted leave to returned to Saigon in 1947. Rcvd: GC of the Royal Order of Cambodia, and the Legion of Honour of France (1889). m. (first) Nguyễn Thị Đinh (bur. An Lăng Mausoleum, An Cựu, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thin province), who was raised to the rank of Ti Nhn 1900, and became First Queen Mother (Hong Dich Mau) in 1907, eldest daughter of H.E. Nguyễn Van Thạnh, of Ho Quyền, Dương Xun, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thin province, by Dang Thị Tram, sometime Regent and C-in-C of the Imperial Forces. m. (second) Nguyễn Thị Vn Anh, ệ Nhất Giai Phi, daughter of Nguyễn Vn Thn. m. (third) 1899, Nguyễn Thị Kiều, My Tn (b. 1884), from Giạ L, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thin province. m. (fourth) on Thị Chu, who became the Second Queen Mother (Hong Sinh Mau) in 1907. m. (fifth) Hồ Thị Nhn, Giai Triệu, daughter of Hồ Tri Phu, of Bảo Vĩnh. m. (sixth) Hồ Thị Mừng (Chi Lac) (d. at Ho Chi Minh City, 1996, bur. Huế), styled Hong phi from 1947, younger daughter of Hồ Tri Phu, of Bảo Vĩnh, who had issue two children b. 1913 and 1914. He d. at Bien Hoa, 24th March 1954 (bur. in his fathers tomb at An Lăng, Dương Xun, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thin province), having had issue, nineteen sons and twenty-six daughters:
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1907 - 1916 H.M. [Nguyn-Phc Vĩnh San] Duy Tn, King of Annam. b. at Huế, 3rd August 1900, fifth son of H.M. [Nguyn-Phc Bửu Lan] Thnh-Thi [Hoang Phu Hong ế], King of Annam, by his first wife, H.M. the First Queen Mother Nguyễn Thị Đinh, educ. privately. Succeeded, 3rd September 1907. Enthroned at the Thi Ha Palace, Huế, with the era name of Duy Tn, 5th September 1907. Deposed by the French authorities 10th May 1916, and exiled to Runion in the Indian Ocean 2nd July 1916 (together with his wife, mother and sister). Thereafter styled His Highness and Prince Vĩnh San. Joined the Free French Forces and secretly cmsnd as a Sub-Lieut 5/12/1942, prom Lieut 5/12/1943, served as a private 2nd class in the Colonial forces 3/1/1944, Corporal (?) 15/2/1944, prom Capt 5/12/1944, Maj 9th (Colonial) Infantry Dvsn. 20/7/1945, prom Lieut-Col 25/9/1945. His support for the Free French attracted the attention of General de Gaulle who, it is said, intended to send him back to Vietnam as Emperor, in an effort to reconcile the different factions there and to secure the country to France. Some authorities say that he was returning to Reunion to take leave of his family, before flying on to Saigon, when he met with a fatal aeroplane accident. Presdt ARDA TSF (Reunion) 1932-1945. Mbr of the lodge LAmiti in St Denis on Runion. Rcvd: GC of the Order of the Legion of Honour, Companion of the the Order of the Libration (1946), Resistance Medal (28.12.1944) with rosette (posth. 24.4.1946) of France. m. (first) at Huế, 30th January 1916 (sep. 1917), Mai Thị Vng, Hong Qu Phi (b. 1899; d. at Huế, 11th March 1980, bur. Kim Long, Thừa Thin, Huế), returned to Annam 1917, eldest daughter of Mai Khắc Đn, of Kim Long, Huong Long, Huong Tra dist., sometime Thượng thư, a Mandarin and sometime Tutor to King Duy Tn. m. (a) at Saint-Denis, Runion, 1918, Marie-Anne, ne Viale. m. (b) at Saint-Denis, Runion, January 1929 (sep. 1938), Fernande Antier (b. 1913; d. at Dau, France, 12th February 2005), of Salazie, Reunion, daughter of the family cook. m. (c) at Saint-Denis, Runion, 1938, Marie-Ernestine Yvette, ne Maillot, of Saint-Benoit, Reunion. He was k. in an air accident near the village of Bossako, Lobaye, Oubangui-Chari, 26th December 1945 (bur. at An Lăng, Hương Thủy, Thừa Thin, Huế, 6th April 1987), having had issue, five sons and five daughters by his unofficial wives. His surviving issue by the last two assumed the name of Vĩnh-San as a family name, after their fathers death:
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