1916 - 1925 H.M. [Nguyễn Phúc Bửu Đảo] Khài Đinh [Hoằng Tôn Tuyên Hoàng Đế], King of Annam. b. at Huế, 8th October 1885, as Nguyên-Phúc Tuan, eldest son of H.M. [Nguyễn-Phúc Bien] Đõng Khánh [Cảnh Tông Thuần Hoàng Đế], King of Annam, by his second wife, H.M. Empress Dowager Khon-Nghi Xuong-Duc, née Tieng-Cung, educ. Raised to the title of Duke of Phụng Hóa (Phụng Hóa Công) with the appelation of Bửu Đảo 1906. Raised to the throne by the French authorities after the deposition of Emperor Duy-Than, 10th May 1916. Proclaimed and installed at the Palace of Can-Chanh, Huế, with the reign-name of Khài Đinh (Auger of Peace and Stability), 17th May 1916. Enthroned at the Thái Hòa Palace, 18th May 1916. Raised to the posthumous title of Hoằng Tông Tự Đại Gia Vận Thánh Minh Thần Trí Nhân Hiếu Thành Kính Di Mô Thừa Liệt Tuyên Hoàng Đế. Sovereign of the Order of the Dragon of Annam. Sovereign and Founder of the Order of Merit of Annam. Rcvd: GC of the Royal Order of Cambodia, Million Elephants & White Parasol of Laos, and the Legion of Honour of France (GO 18.5.1916), and the Order of Merit of Indochina 1st class in gold. m. at Huế, 1913, H.I.M. Grand Empress Dowager Ðoan Huy [Ðoan Huy Hoàng Thái Hậu] [Tử Cung] (b. 28th January 1890; d. at Huế, 9th November 1980, bur. Tư Lăng, Dương Xuân, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province), raised to the titles of Tư Cung 1913, Tam Giai Huệ Tần 1917 (third month of the second year of Khài-Đinh), Ðệ Nhị Giai Huệ Phi 1918 (tenth month of the third year of Khài-Đinh), Ðệ Nhất Giai Hậu Phi 1923 (second month of the eighth year of Khài-Đinh) and finally to the rank of Grand Empress Dowager as Đoan Huy Hoàng Thái Hậu with the name of Tử Cung and style of Her Majesty 20th March 1933, née Hoàng Thị Cúc, daughter of H.E. Hoàng Văn Tích, Duke of Nghi (Nghi Quốc Công), from Mỹ Lợi, Phú Lộc, in Thừa Thiên province, sometime Thái Thường Thị Khanh (Minister for Public Instruction). m. four secondary wives, including (a) Trương Như Thị Tịnh, Ðệ Nhất Giai Phi (b. 1889; bur. Thanh Thủy, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province), styled Ðệ Nhất Giai Phi 1916, daughter of Trương Như Cương, from Hien Lương, Phong Dien, in Thừa Thiên province. (b) Hồ Thị Chỉ, Ðệ Nhị Giai Ân Phi, second daughter of H.E. Hồ Đắc Trung, Duke of Mỹ Khánh (Mỹ Khánh Quận Công), sometime Thượng thư. m. (c) Võ Thị Tám, Tân Dư, daughter of Professor Võ Liên, by his scond wife, Công tôn nữ Thị Tĩnh, Phủ Nghi Nhân, daughter of Prince (Công tử) Nguyễn-Phúc Hường Chuyền, Marquess Trung Mẫm. He d. 6th November 1925 (bur. Ưng Lăng, Châu Chữ, Hương Thủy, in Thừa Thiên province), having had issue, an only son:
1) H.H. Crown Prince (Dong Cung Hoàng Thái tử) Nguyễn-Phúc Vĩnh Thụy, who succeeded as H.I.M. Emperor Bảo Ðại [Thiển], Emperor of Annam (s/o Empress Ðoan Huy) – see below.
1925 -  H.I.M. Bảo Đại [Thiển], Emperor of Annam, Emperor of Vietnam. b. at the Palace of Doan-Trang-Vien, Huế, 22nd October 1913, as Nguyễn-Phúc Vĩnh Thụy, only son of H.M. [Nguyễn-Phúc Bù’u Dao] Khài-Đinh [Hoang Tong Tuyen Hoàng Ðế], King of Annam, by his second wife, H.I.M. Empress Dowager Ðoan Huy, educ. Lycée Condorcet and l’Ecole des Sciences politiques, Paris. Appointed as Heir Apparent 10th March, and invested at the Palace of Can-Chanh, with the style of Đông Cung Hoàng Thái tử (Imperial Heir Apparent of the Eastern Palace), 15th May 1922. Succeeded on the death of his father, 6th November 1925. Enthroned at the Thái Hòa Palace, Huế, with the reign name of Thiển and the era name of Bảo Ðại, 8th January 1926. Reigned under the Regency of H.H. Ton-Thai Han, until he came of age and assumed full ruling powers, 10th September 1932. Proclaimed the independence and unity of the Empire of Vietnam, including the reunion of Tonkin and other territories and resumed the title of Emperor of Vietnam (Hoàng Ðế Việt Nam) together with the style of His Imperial Majesty, 18th June 1945. Forced to promulgate an edict of abdication by the Việt Minh 25th August 1945, and formally abdicated in a ceremony performed outside the Imperial Palace, at Huế, 30th August 1945. Appointed as Supreme Advisor to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam 10th November 1945. Went into voluntary exile in China 16th March 1946, and later settled in Hong Kong 1946-1947 and France 1947-1948. Signed an accord recognising Vietnamese national unity within the French Union, 5th June 1948 (as a consequence, securing the retrocession of the colony of Cochin-China and uniting it with Vietnam). Returned to Vietnam 27th and was recognised as Head of State with the title of Quốc Trưởng Quốc Gia Việt Nam 29th April 1949. Installed at the Gia Long Palace, Saigon 1st July 1949. Deposed again 26th October 1955. Received into the Roman Catholic Church at Saint-Pierre-de-Chaillot, Paris 17th April 1988, and baptised with the names of Jean-Robert. Sovereign of the Ordersof the Dragon of Annam and the Order of Merit of Annam (revived and expanded as the Order of National Merit of Vietnam 10th June 1955). Rcvd: Knt of the Order of Maha Chakri of Thailand (1939), GC of the Orders of the Legion of Honour of France (10.9.1932), Royal Order of Cambodia, Million Elephants & White Parasol of Laos, Crown of Belgium (1935), the Sharifan Order of Alawi of Morocco, the Royal Family Order 1st class of Johore (DK) (21.3.1933), etc. m. (first) at the Kien-Trung Palace, Huế 20th March 1934, H.I.M. Empress Nam Phương (b. at Gò Công, French Indo-China, 4th December 1914; d. from cancer, at Château La Pesche, Chabrignac, Corrèze, Limousin, France, 15th September 1963, bur. there in the parish church), née Jeanne Marie-Thérèse [Mariette] Nguyễn Hữu Thị Lan, educ. Convent des Oiseaux, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, invested with the rank and title of Empress at the Dương-Tam Palace, Huế, as Nam Phương Hoàng Hậu with the style of Her Majesty 24th March 1934, and assumed the style of Her Imperial Majesty 18th June 1945, Mbr Reconstruction Cttee of the Republic of Vietnam 1945-1946, only daughter of H.E. Pierre Nguyễn Hữu Hào, Duke of Long Mỹ (Long Mỹ Quận Công), by his wife, Marie Le Thị Binh, Duchess of Long Mỹ, daughter of Philippe Le Phat Dat, sometime Mbr Colonial Council of French Indo-China. m. (second) at Paris, France, February 1972, H.I.M. Empress Thái Phương (b. at Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine, France, 1942), née Monique M. E. Baudot, styled Princess Vĩnh Thụy from February 1972, raised to the rank of Empress with the title of Thái Phương Hoàng Hậu and the style of Her Imperial Majesty 31st July 1997, sometime Press Officer at the Embassy of Zaire in Paris. He d. at Val-de-Grâce Military Hospital, Paris, 31st July 1997, having had issue, two sons and three daughters:
1) H.I.H. Crown Prince (Dong Cung Hoàng Thái tử) Bảo Long, Head of the Imperial House of Vietnam (s/o Empress Nam Phương) – see below.
2) H.I.H. Prince (Hoàng tử) Bảo Thắng, Head of the Imperial House of Vietnam (s/o Empress Nam Phương) - see below.
1) H.I.H. Princess (Công chúa) Phương Mai. b. at Đàlạt, 1st August 1937 (d/o Empress Nam Phương), educ. Convent des Oiseaux, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. Raised to the style of Her Imperial Highness, 18th June 1945. m. at Paris, France, 5th August 1971 (or 1959?), Signor Don Pietro Badoglio, 2nd Duke di Addis Abeba and Marquis del Sabotino (b. at Istanbul, Turkey, 10th July 1939; d. at Paris, France, 4th June 1992), of Villa Rota Badoglio, Flambruzzo, Rivignano, grandson of Marshal H.E. Signor Don Pietro Giuseppe Vittorio Luigi Badoglio, 1st Duke di Addis Abeba and Marquis del Sabotino, KCB, sometime Prime Minister of Italy and Viceroy of Ethiopia, and eldest son of Signor Don Mario Badoglio dei duchi di Addis Abeba, sometime diplomat and Capt Royal Italian Air Force, by his wife The Noble Signora Donna Giuliana Badoglio dei duchi di Addis Abeba, younger daughter of The Noble Signor Francesco Rota dei conti di San Vito al Tagliamento, 1st Count di Flambruzzo, sometime Senator of the Kingdom of Italy, by his wife The Noble Signora Mary [May] Josephine Florence Christine Eva Rota, Countess di Flambruzzo, daughter of Colonel Morgan Dalrymple Treherne, of Aka, Hungary, and Rome, Italy, sometime West Kent Light Infantry (Militia), by his wife, Marie Agnes Christine Françoise Josepha, widow of Ladislaus, Count Waldstein-Wartenberg, of Dux, Bohemia, and third surviving daughter of H.E. Baron Franz Fiáth d’Eorményes & Karansebes. She had issue, one son and one daughter:
a) The Noble Signor Don Flavio Badoglio, 3rd Duke di Addis Abeba and Marquis del Sabotino. b. at Paris, France, 20th March 1973, educ. American Sch., Paris.
2) H.I.H. Princess (Công chúa) Phương Liên. b. at Đàlạt, 3rd November 1938 (d/o Empress Nam Phương), educ. Convent des Oiseaux, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, and in England. Raised to the style of Her Imperial Highness, 18th June 1945. m. at Chabrignac, Corrèze, France (Roman Catholic rite), 6th January 1962, Bernard Maurice Soulain (b. at Caudéran, Gironde, France, 2nd January 1934), a banker from Bordeaux, son of Alysse Albert Soulain, by his wife, Yvonne Adrienne Marguerite, née Cousin. She had issue, two daughters:
3) H.I.H. Princess (Công chúa) Phương Dung. b. at An Ðịnh Palace, Huế, 5th February 1942 (d/o Empress Nam Phương), educ. Convent des Oiseaux, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. Raised to the style of Her Imperial Highness, 18th June 1945.
Emperor Bào Đai also m. (a) at Huế, ca. 1935, Lê Thị Phi Ánh, Ánhphi, a niece of his mother, and fourth and youngest daughter of Lê Quang Sáu, from Huế. m. (b) at Saigon, 1955, Bùi Mộng Ðiệp, Thứ phi (b. in Bắc Ninh province, 1924), styled Quốc Trưởng Chính phủ Quốc Gia 1949-1955, a lady from Hanoi. m. (c) October 1945, Lý Lệ Hà, Thông Thi (no issue), from Thái Bình. m. (d) at Hong Kong, 1946, Hoàng Tiểu Lan [Jenny Wong], Thứ phi, a Chinese lady. m. (e) Vicky, Thứ phi, a French lady from Alsace. m. (f?) Clément (no issue). He had further issue, three sons and four daughters, by these secondary wives:
3) H.H. Prince (Hoàng nam) Bảo Ân [Su Su]. b. at Đàlạt, 1953 (s/o Phi Ánh).
4) H.H. Prince (Hoàng nam) Bảo Hoàng. b. at Đàlạt, 1954 (s/o Mộng Ðiệp). He d. 1955.
5) H.H. Prince (Hoàng nam) Bảo Sơn. b. at Đàlạt, 1957 (s/o Mộng Ðiệp). He d. at Paris, France, August 1987.
[1997 - 2007] H.I.H. Crown Prince (Dong Cung Hoàng Thái tử) Bảo Long, Head of the Imperial House of Vietnam. b. at the Kiến Trung Palace, in the Purple Forbidden City, Huế, 4th January 1936, eldest son of H.M. [Nguyên-Phúc Thien] Bảo Ðại, Emperor of Vietnam, by his first wife, H.M. Empress Nam Phương, educ. Convent des Oiseaux, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France; Coll d’Adran, Đàlạt, Vietnam; l’École des Roches, Maslacq, Normandy; l’École des Sciences politiques, Paris; l’École spéciale militaire de St Cyr, Coëtquidan, Brittany, and l’École d’Instruction de la Cavalerie et de l'Artillerie, Saumur, France. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the style of Đông Cung Hoàng Thái tử (Imperial Heir Apparent of the Eastern Palace), 17th September 1938. Formally invested at the Palace of Can-Chanh, in the Purple Forbidden City, Huế, 7th March 1939. Raised to the style of His Imperial Highness, 18th June 1945. He came of age and was confirmed as Heir Apparent of the State of Vietnam, 15th June 1954. Represented Vietnam at the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, at Westminster Abbey, in London 1953. Cmsnd as Sub-Lieut 1st Armoured Cavalry Regt French Foreign Legion 14/7/1955, served in Algeria 1955-1958 (wounded, MID), prom Lieut 14/7/1956, retd as Capt 1958, thereafter a banker in Paris with the Union des Banques Européennes, settled in London in 1994. Hon Lieut-Col Regt of Musketeers 1949. Hon Col Imperial Guard, Vietnamese Army. Succeeded on the death of his father as Head of the Imperial House of Vietnam, 31st July 1997. Sovereign and Grand Master of the Order of the Dragon of Annam, etc. Rcvd: The Boi Decoration 1st class, GC of the National Order of Merit of Vietnam (15.6.1954), the Order of the Million Elephants and White Parasol of Laos, Royal Order of Cambodia, and the National Order of Merit of France, the Cross of Military Valour with red, silver and bronze stars (1958), and the North Africa Medal (1997) of France, Queen Elizabeth II Coron Medal (1953), etc. m. (a) [Thérèse Marie Françoise] Isabelle [Mme Marry Delanne] (b. at Didier, Martinique, 28th June 1935; d. at Paris, France, 17th September 1996), educ. l’École de Louvre, Paris, who used the name Isabelle Hebey, designer and interior decorator of the Rive Gauche boutiques for Yves Saint-Laurent 1866-1990, offices for Shell International 1968-1975, car interiors for Honda Motors 1983-1984, and the ministries at Bercy and the Grande Arche de La Défense for the French Dept of Culture 1989-1991, watch designer for Lip 1973, author of “Architecture d'intérieur et décoration” (1972), rcvd: Knt of the Order of the Legion of Honour of France (14.4.1990), former wife of the lawyer Pierre Hebey (by whom she had one son), and of the architect Marc Delanne, daughter of Raymond Marry, lawyer, and Jeanne Guérin de Châteauneuf Randon. He d.s.p. at Le Centre Hospitalier Gaston Ramon, Sens, Burgundy, France, 28th July 2007 (bur. near his mother at Chabrignac, Corrèze, Limousin).
 H.I.H. Prince (Hoàng tử) Bảo Thắng, Head of the Imperial House of Vietnam. b. at Đàlạt, 30th September 1943, second son of H.M. [Nguyên-Phúc Thien] Bảo Ðại, Emperor of Vietnam, by his first wife, H.M. Empress Nam Phương, educ. Convent des Oiseaux, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, and Coll. d'Adran, Đàlạt, Vietnam. Raised to the style of His Imperial Highness, 18th June 1945. Succeeded on the death of his elder brother as Head of the Imperial House of Vietnam, 28th July 2007. Sovereign and Grand Master of the Order of the Dragon of Annam, etc.