1661 - 1722 H.M.
Emperor K'ang-hsi [Shêng Tsu Jên Huang Ti] [Ho T'ien
Hung Yün Wên Wu Jui Chê Kung Chien K'uan Yü Hsiao
Ching Chêng Hsin Chung Ho Kung Tê Ta Ch'êng Jên], the
Great Illustrious Emperor of the Great Ch'ing Dynasty,
Son of Heaven, Lord of Myriad Years, etc. b. at
the Palace of Supreme Benevolence, 4th May
1654, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent
by his father, 4th February 1661. Proclaimed
on the death of his father, 5th February 1661.
Enthroned 7th February 1661. Reigned under a
Cncl. of regents until he came of age and assumed full
ruling powers, 25th August 1667. Defeated the
Russiens in 1685 and signed the Treaty of Nerchinsk in
1689, the first treaty with a European power. m.
fifty-four wives, including, m. (first) 16th
October 1665, H.M. Empress Hsiao Ch'eng Hsuan-ye (b.
4th February 1654; d. in child-birth,
16th June 1674), raised to the title of
Empress as Ch'eng Huang Hou 16th
October 1665, and received the posthumous title of Hsiao
Ch'eng Hsuan-ye Huang Hou 30th July 1674,
daughter of General Gabula, Tch'eng-ngen-kong, of
the Heseri tribe, sometime cdr. of the Imperial Guard. m.
(second) H.M. Empress Hsiao Chao-jen (d. in
childbirth, 18th March 1678), raised to the
rank of Empress as Chao-jen Huang Hou 17th
March 1678, and the posthumous title of Hsiao Chao-jen
Huang Hou 11th May 1678, daughter of
Ebulun, Duke Kouo-i-kong, of the Nuhuru clan,
sometime Grand Preceptor. m. (third) 1677, H.M.
Empress Hsiao Yi-chen (d. 24th August
1689, bur. Ching-ling Mausoleum, Hebei), raised to
the rank of Kuei Fei 18th September
1677, prom. to Huang Kuei Fei 28th January
1682, Empress as Yi-chen HuangHou 23rd
August 1689, and to the posthumous title of Hsiao
Yi-chen HuangHou 3rd November
1689, eldest daughter of Prince Tung Kuo-wei
[Tuan-ch'un], of the Tunggiya clan and Manchu Bordered
Yellow Banner, sometime Chamberlain of the Imperial
Bodyguard and MSC. m. (fourth) 1677, H.M. Dowager
Empress Hsiao Kung Jen-shou (b. 1660; d. 25th
June 1723, bur. Ching-ling Mausoleum, Hebei),
granted the titles of Te Pin 15th
November 1679, Te Fei 28th January
1682, Empress Dowager with the title of Jen-shouHuangT'ai Hou 10th January 1723, and the
posthumous title of HsiaoKungJen-shouHuangHou 11th September 1723,
daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Wei-wu, Tch'eng-ngen-kong,
of the Uya clan, of the Manchu Yellow Banner Corps. m.
(a) 1661, a daughter of Ayusi, a Mongol from the Borjigan
tribe. m. (b) 1666, Jung Fei [Magiya-chi],
daughter of Kai Chan, of the Magiya clanan
Under-Secretary. m. (c) 1667, Chang-chia (d.
1699). m. (d) 1669, Hui Fei [Nara-chi],
sister of T'ung Pin, and daughter of Secretary
Suulhuo, of the Nara clan. m. (e) 1670, Tuan Pin,
a lady from the Tung clan. m. (f) 1673, Jugiya. m.
(g) 1674, T'ung Pin [Nara-chi], sister of Hui Fei,
and daughter of Secretary Suulhuo, of the Nara clan. m.
(h) 1678, Gorolo Kuei Jên, sister of I Fei,
and daughter of Captain Sankoan Pao. m. (i) 1678,
I Fei [Kururu-chi], sister of Gorolo, and daughter
of Captain Sankoan Pao. m. (j) 1679, Ch'eng Fei
[Daigiya-chi] (d. December 1740), daughter of
Cho-k'i, of the Daigiya clan, Treasurer of the Imperial
Household. m. (k) 1682 (or after 1689) (b.
1668; d. 1743), younger daughter of Prince Tung
Kuo-wei [Tuan-ch'un], of the Manchu Bordered Yellow
Banner, sometime Chamberlain of the Imperial Bodyguard
and MSC. m. (l) 1680, Liang Fei [Wei-chi]
[Hinyeku] (d. 1711), daughter of Abunai
Ngo-pou-nai (Nei-koang-ling of a banner and a
mandarin?), of the Wei family of bondservants. m.
(m) 1682, Wen-hsiiKueiFei [Niuhuru-chi],
daughter of the Imperial Preceptor T'ai-che
Kouo-i-kong Ngo-pi-long, of the Niuhuru clan. m.
(n) 1685, Ting Pin [Wanlihua-chi], daughter of
Secretary T'ouo-eul-pi, of the Waliuha clan. m.
(o) 1685, King-Min Huang Kuei Fei [Janggiya-chi],
daughter of Colonel Hai K'o-an, of the Janggiya clan. m.
(p) 1688, Yüan Fei. m. (q) 1690, P'ing Fei
[Hé-ché-li-chi](d. 1696), sister of Empress
Hsiao Ch'eng Hsuan-ye, and daughter of Colonel Gabula, Tch'eng-ngen-kong,
of the Heseri tribe. m. (r) 1692, Chun-yi Mi Pin
[Wang-che], daughter of the Deputy Prefect Wang
Kouo-cheng. m. (s) 1694, Wang II, another lady
from the Wang family. m. (t) 1696, Chun-yu Ch'in Pin,
daughter of Ch'en Min, an Officer of the 2nd
rank of the Imperial Escort. m. (u) 1697,
Concubine Liu. m. (v) 1700, Ho Fei, of the
Guwalgiya clan. m. (w) 1701, Siang Pin
[Kao-chi], daughter of Kao Ting-sieou. m. (x)
1707, Niohuru Fei II, another lady from the of the
Niohuru clan. m. (y) 1710, Hi Pin, daughter
of Ch'en Yu-king. m. (z) 1710, Kin Pin
[Sehotu-chi], daughter of Under-Secretary Touo-eul-tsi. m.
(za) 1712, Ch'en Kuei Jen, daughter of Ch'en
Sieou. m. (zb) 1712, Ching Pin [Shih-chi],
daughter of Shih Hoai-yu. m. (zc) 1714, Mu Pin,
daughter of Ch'en Ki-chan. m. (zd) Hsuan Fei
(d.s.p. 12th September
1736), née Iletu, daughter of the brother of one of
Emperor Shun-chih's consorts, a Korchin Mongol. He d.
at the Ch'ang-ch'un Palace, near Peking, 20th
December 1722 (bur. Ching-ling Mausoleum, Hebei),
having had issue, thirty-six sons (18 of whom had sons,
123 in number) and twenty daughters (8 of whom married):
Prince (HuangTzu) Ch'eng Chu-yi. b.
5th November 1667 (s/o Jung Fei).
He d. 10th July 1670.
Prince (HuangTzu) Ch'eng K'ing. b.
21st March 1670 (s/o Hui Fei).
He d. 26th May 1671.
Sai-yn-tch'a-hoen. b. 24th
January 1672 (s/o Jung Fei). He d.
Prince (HuangTzu) Yin-t'i [Yun
Chich] [Yi], 1st Prince Chih (Chih
12th March 1672 (s/o Hui Fei),
educ. privately. Granted the title of ChihToLoChünWang 12th
April 1698, but reduced to KuShanPeiTzu 1st November 1708. He d.
a prisoner, 25th November 1734, having
H.H. Prince (Fêng Ên Chên Kuo Kung)
The Noble (Fêng Ên Chiang Chün)
Hung-chun. He had issue:
General The Nole (Chên
Kuo Chiang Chün)
Cdt. At Ili 1832-1835,
Assist. Gov. of Ili
1835-1838, 1845-1847 and
1848-1850, Governor of
Ili 1838-1840 and
Bodyguard 1840-1842 and
1843, Adj-Gen. 1840-1841,
Cdr. of troops (Ching-niJiang-chun) at
imprisoned for failures
in the war 1843, Imperial
Agent at Ho-t'ien
1843-1845, Senior Assit.
Adj-Gen. 1855-1859. He d.
at Hsuzhou, 1878.
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