BRAZIL

 

The Bragança Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1822 - 1831 H.M. Senhor Dom Pedro I, by the Grace of God and the Unanimous Aclamation of the People, Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil. b. at Queluz Palace, Sintra, 12th October 1798, educ. privately. Became Prince of Beira and Infante of Portugal on 11th June 1801, and Prince of Brazil, and 22nd Duke of Bragança, 19th Duke of Guimarães and 17th Duke of Barcellos, 21st Marquis of Vila Viçosa, 23rd Count of Barcellos, 19th Count de Guimarães, d'Ourem, de Faria, and de Neiva, and 25th Count d'Arrayolos, 20th March 1816. Created Prince Royal of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, 9th January 1817. Appointed Regent of the Kingdom of Brazil by his father King Dom João VI on his departure for Portugal, 22nd April 1821. Cdr. of the Orders of Christ, São Bento d'Aviz, and São Thiago da Espada. Acclaimed as Constitutional Regent and Perpetual Defender of Brazil, 13th May 1822, and proclaimed the absolute independence of Brazil, on the banks of the Ipiranga River, São Paulo, on 7th September 1822. Proclaimed as Constitutional Emperor of Brazil, at Rio de Janeiro, 12th October 1822. Crowned at the Imperial Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Carmo da Antiga Sé, Rio de Janeiro, 1st December 1822. Promulgated the Brazilian Constitution, 25th March 1824. Succeeded his father as Dom Pedro IV, King of Portugal, etc. 10th March but abdicated that throne in favour of his eldest daughter, 29th April 1826. Abdicated the Imperial throne of Brazil in favour of his only surving son, 7th April 1831. Regent of Portugal on behalf of his infant daughter Queen Maria II da Gloria, 1834. Founder and Grand Master of the Imperial Orders of the Southern Cross (1.12.1822), Pedro I (16.4.1826), and the Rose (17.10.1829). Rcvd: GC of the Orders of the Tower and Sword, for Valour, Leadership and Merit (20.12.1834) and of Our Lady of Vila Viçosa (6.2.1818), Knt. of the Orders of the Golden Fleece of Spain (8.11.1801), and St Hubert of Bavaria, GC of the Orders of the Netherlands Lion (20.9.1825), Carlos III (8.11.1801) and Isabella the Catholic of Spain (27.7.1815), St Stephen of Hungary, and St Micheal of Bavaria. m. (first) at Vienna, 13th May (by proxy) and at the Royal Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Carmo da Antiga Sé, Rio de Janeiro, 5th November 1817 (in person) H.M. Dona Maria Leopoldina, Empress of Brazil (b. at Vienna, 22nd January 1797; d. at Rio de Janeiro, 11th December 1826, in the Imperial Chapel, Monumento à Independência, Ipiranga, São Paulo), Crowned with her husband at Rio de Janeiro, 1st December 1822, Dame of the Orders of Pedro I, Southern Cross, and Rose of Brazil, GC of the Order of Our Lady of Vila Viçosa of Portugal (6.2.1818), and Dame of the Orders of St Elisabeth of Bavaria and the Starry Cross of Austria, née H.I.R.H. Archduchess Maria Leopoldine Josefa Carolina, fifth daughter of H.I.M. Franz I, Emperor of Austria, KG, by his second wife, H.I.M. Empress Maria Thereza, eldest daughter of H.M. Ferdinando I, King of the Two Sicilies. m. (second) at Munich, Bavaria, 2nd August (by proxy) and at Rio de Janeiro, 17th October 1829 (in person), H.M. Dona Amélia, Empress of Brazil (b. at Milan, Italy, 31st July 1812; d. at Lisbon, Portugal, 26th January 1873), rcvd: Dame of the Orders of St Isabel of Portugal, St Elisabeth and St Theresa of Bavaria, née H.H. Princess Amélie Auguste Eugènie Napoleona, third daughter of H.R.H. Eugène Rose Napoléon de Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstädt, sometime Viceroy of Italy and Ach Chancellor of the French Empire, by his wife H.R.H. Princess Augusta Amalia Ludovika Georgia, Duchess of Leuchtenberg, eldest daughter of H.M. Maximilian I Josef, King of Bavaria. He same d. at Queluz Palace, Sintra, Portugal, in the room in which he had been born, 24th September 1834 (bur. in the Imperial Chapel, Monumento à Independência, Ipiranga, São Paulo), having had issue, three sons and five daughters:
Emperor Dom Pedro I also had issue by Clémence Saisset, a son:
Emperor Dom Pedro I had furher issue by H.E. Senhora Dona Domitila de Castro Canto e Mello, 1st Marchioness de Santos and a Gandeza of the Empire (cre. 12/10/1826) and Viscountess de Castro (cre. 12/10/1825) (b. at São Paulo, 27th December 1797; m. firstly, 13th January 1813 (div. 21st May 1824) Senhor Dom Alferes Felício Pinto Coelho de Mendoça. m. second, Brigadier Senhor Raphael Tobias de Aguiar, and d. 3rd November 1867), rcvd: Dame of the Order of St Isabel of Portugal (4.4.1827), daughter of Colonel Senhor Dom João de Castro Canto e Mello, 1st Viscount de Castro (son of Dona Ines de Castro, sometime mistress to King Dom Pedro III of Portugal), by his wife Dona Escolástica Bonifacia de Oliveira Toledo Ribas:
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1831 - 1889 [1891] H.M. Senhor Dom Pedro II, by the Grace of God and the Unanimous Aclamation of the People, Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil, KG (5.7.1871). b. at the Palace of São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, 2nd December 1825, educ. privately. Succeeded on the abdication of his father, 7th April 1831. Reigned under a Council of Regency until he was declared of age, 23rd July 1840. Crowned at the Imperial Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Carmo da Antiga Sé, Rio de Janeiro, 18th July 1841. Grand Master of the Imperial Orders of Pedro I, Southern Cross, and of the Rose. Became Grand Master of the Military Orders of Our Lord Jesus Christ, São Bento d'Aviz, and São Thiago da Espada, when they were nationalised in Brazil, 9th September 1843. Deposed by a military coup d'etat and went into exile, 15th November 1889. Poet, painter, linguist and man of science. A prince entirely devoted to the welfare of his people and perhaps the only person in Brazil who was not interested in political intrugue, distribution of favours, appointments or similar matters. Rcvd: Knt. of the Orders of the Golden Fleece of Spain (1835), Annunziata of Italy, Elephant of Denmark, Seraphim of Sweden (11.6.1844), Black Eagle of Prussia, St Januarius of the Two Sicilies, St Andrew the First Called, Alexander Nevski, the White Eagle, St Anne 1st class and St. Stanislas 1st class of Russia, GC of the Orders of St Stephen of Hungary, Leopold of Belgium (mil.), Red Eagle of Prussia, Star of Rumania, St Ferdinand and Merit of Sicily, Legion of Honour of France, Redeemer of Greece, the Netherlands Lion (21.10.1844), Holy Sepulcre of the Vatican, the Ducal Saxe-Ernestine House Order, Constantinian Order of St George of Parma, the Tower and Sword for Valour, Leadership and Merit and Our Lady of Vila Viçosa of Portugal, the North Star of Sweden, the Order of Malta, and the Order of Nobility (Nishan-i-Majidieh) 1st class in brilliants of Turkey. m. at Naples, Italy, 30th May (by proxy) and at Rio de Janeiro, 4th September 1843 (in person) H.M. Empress Senhora Dona Thereza Christina Maria (b. at Naples, 14th March 1822; d. at Oporto, Portugal, 28th December 1889, bur. at the Imperial Mausoleum, Cathedral of São Pedro de Alcântara, Petrópolis, Brazil,1959), rcvd: Dame of the Orders of the Starry Cross of Austria, St Isabel of Portugal, Maria Luísa of Spain, St Elisabeth of Bavaria, GC of the Order of the Holy Sepulcre of the Vatican, and Dame of Honour and Devotion Sovereign Order of Malta, youngest daughter of H.M. Francesco I, King of the Two Sicilies, by his second wife H.M. Queen Maria Isabella, fifth daughter of H.M. Carlos IV, King of Spain. He d. at Paris, France, 5th December 1891 (bur. at São Vicente de Fora, Alfama, and reburied in the Imperial Mausoleum, Cathedral of São Pedro de Alcântara, Petrópolis, Brazil, 1959), having had issue two sons and two daughters:
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