BRAZIL

 

The Bragança Dynasty

GENEALOGY

1815 - 1816 H.M. The Most High, Serene and Potent Senhora Dona Maria I, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, and above and below the Seas of Africa, Lord of Guinea, of the Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia, and the Indies, Most Faithful Queen. b. at Lisbon, 17th December 1734, as H.H. the Serene Princess Infanta Dona Maria Francisca Isabel Josefa Antónia Gertrudes Rita Joanna de Bragança, eldest surviving child of H.M. The Most High, Serene and Potent Senhor Dom José I, by the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarves, etc. by his wife, H.M. Queen Dona Mariana Vitória, daughter of His Most Catholic Majesty The Most Serene Prince Lord Don Felipe V, by the Grace of God, King of Spain and the Indies, etc. Granted the title of Princess of Beira by her grandfather, King Dom João V at birth. Became Princess of Brazil, 31st July 1750. Succeeded on the death of her father, 24th February 1777. Proclaimed at Lisbon, 13th May 1777. Became mentally unstable and was forced to accept a Regency from 10th February 1792. Left Portugal with her family on the invasion of her kingdom by the French, 29th November 1807. Landed at Rio de Janeiro, 7th March 1808. Proclaimed as Queen of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, 16th December 1815. m. at the Palace of Nossa Senhora d'Ajuda, Lisbon, 6th July 1760, her uncle, H.M. The Most High, Serene and Potent Senhor Dom Pedro III, King of Portugal and the Algarves, and above and below the Seas of Africa, Lord of Guinea, of the Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia, and the Indies, Most Faithful King, 19th Duke of Bragança, 16th Duke of Guimarães and 14th Duke of Barcellos, 18th Marquis of Vila Viçosa, 20th Count of Barcellos, 16th Count de Guimarães, d'Ourem, de Faria, and de Neiva, and 22nd Count d'Arrayolos (b. at Lisbon, 5th July 1717; d. at the Palace of Nossa Senhora d'Ajuda, Lisbon, 5th March 1786, bur. São Vicente de Fora), rcvd: Knt. of the Military Orders of Christ, São Bento d'Aviz, São Thiago da Espada, and Spanish Order of the Golden Fleece, who reigned jointly with his wife, née H.H. the Serene Senhor Infant Dom Pedro Clemente Francisco José António de Bragança, fourth son of H.M. The Most High, Serene and Potent Senor Dom João V, by the Grace of God, King of Portugal and the Algarves, etc. by his wife, H.M. Queen Dona Maria Ana Josefa, daughter of H.I.M. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. She d. at the Convent of Nossa Senhora do Carmo da Antiga Sé, Rio de Janeiro, 20th March 1816 (bur. Basilica of Estrela, Lisbon), having had issue, four sons and three daughters:
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1816 - 1822 H.M. The Most High, Serene and Potent Senhor Dom João VI, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, and above and below the Seas of Africa, Lord of Guinea, of the Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia, and the Indies, Most Faithful King, KG (13.2.1822). b. at Lisbon, 13th May 1767, educ. privately. Succeeded his elder brother as Prince of Brazil and 21st Duke of Bragança, 18th Duke of Guimarães and 16th Duke of Barcellos, 20th Marquis of Vila Viçosa, 22nd Count of Barcellos, 18th Count de Guimarães, d'Ourem, de Faria, and de Neiva, and 24th Count d'Arrayolos, 11th September 1788. Acting Regent of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves, from 10th February 1792 and declared Prince Regent from 15th July 1799. Revived the Order of the Tower and Sword 13th May 1808. Grand Master of the reformed Military Orders of Christ, São Bento d'Aviz, São Thiago da Espada and the Tower and Sword from 5th July 1809. Grand Prior of Crato and the Order of St John of Jerusalem in Portugal. Founder of the Order of Our Lady of Vila Viçosa, 6th February 1818. Prince Regent of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves from 16th December 1815. Succeeded on the death of his mother, 20th March 1816. Aclaimed as King at Rio de Janeiro, 6th February 1818. Appointed his eldest surviving son as Regent, 22nd April 1821 and returned to Portugal. Recognised his son as Emperor of Brazil and assumed that style himself for his own lifetime, 29th August 1825. Rcvd: Knt. of the Orders of the Golden Fleece of Spain (8.5.1785), the Holy Ghost and St Michael of France, Elephant of Denmark, Black Eagle of Prussia, St Andrew, Alexander Nevski, and Knight 1st class of the Order of St Anne of Russia, GC of the Orders of the Netherlands Lion, Legion of Honour of France, St Stephen of Hungary, Leopold of Austria, Carlos III (1796), St Ferdinand (1824) and Isabella the Catholic of Spain (27.7.1815). m. at Madrid, 27th March (by proxy) and at Lisbon, 9th June 1785 (in person), H.M. Queen Dona Carlota Joaquina (b. at Aranjuez, 25th April 1775; d. at Queluz Palace, Sintra, 7th January 1830, bur. in the Royal Mausoleum, São Vicente de Fora, Alfama), founder of the Noble Order of the Ladies of Sta Isabela 25th April 1804, rcvd: GC of the Order of Our Lady of Vila Viçosa (6.2.1818), Dame of the Order of Maria Luísa of Spain (1792), née H.R.H. the Serene Princess Señora Infanta Doña Carlota Joaquina Thereza Cayetana de Borbon y Borbon, eldest daughter of His Most Catholic Majesty The Most Serene Prince Señor Don Carlos IV, King of Spain and the Indies, by his wife, H.M. The Most Serene Princess Señora Doña Maria Luisa Teresa de Borbón y Borbón, Queen of Spain and the Indies, second daughter of H.R.H. The Most Serene Prince Don Filippo de Borbone, Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla, Infant of Spain, etc. He d. at Lisbon, 10th March 1826 (bur. in the Royal Mausoleum, São Vicente de Fora, Alfama), having had issue, three sons and six daughters:
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