The Royal Ark

ABBREVIATIONS

AAG  Assistant Adjutant-General
AC  Member of the second class or, Companion of the Order of Australia. Ashok Chakra (India).
ACF  Army Cadet Force
ACM  Air Chief Marshal
AD  Anno Domini, i.e. in the year of our Lord, Christian calendar. Member of the first class or, Dame of the Order of Australia.
ADC  Aide de Camp
ADC Gen. Aide de Camp General
Adj.  Adjutant
Adm.  Admiral
Admin. Administrator, administration
ADO  Assistant District Officer
AE  Recipient of the Air Efficiency Award
AF(I)  Auxiliary Force (India)
AFC  Recipient of the Air Force Cross
AFM  Recipient of the Air Force Medal
AFSM Recipient of the Australian Fire Service Medal
AG  Adjutant-General
AGC  Adjutant-General's Corps
Agric.  Agriculture
AH  Anno Hegirae, i.e. in the year of the Hijra, the Muslim calendar
AK  Member of the first class or Knight of the Order of Australia
aka  also known as
ALH  Australian Light Horse
AM  Recipient of the 1st, 2nd, or 3rd Class of the Albert Medal. Member of the fourth class of the Order of Australia.
A/M  Air Marshal
AMS  Army Medical Service
AO  Member of the third class or, Officer of the Order of Australia
AOC  Air Officer Commanding
AOE  Member of the Alberta Order of Excellence (Canada).
APM  Australian Police Medal
APTC Army Physical Training Corps
ARA  Associate of the Royal Academy
arm.  armoured
ARRC Member of the second class or Associate of the Royal Red Cross
ASEN Association of South East Asian Nations
ASP  Assistant Superintendant of Police
Assist. Assistant
Assoc.  Associate, association
AStJ  Honorary Associate (Brother or Sister) of the Most Venerable Hospital of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in the British Realms
ATM  Ahmudan gaung Tazeik ya Min = Recipient of the the Medal for Good Service (Burma)
ATS  Auxiliary Territorial Service
Ave.  Avenue
AVM  Air Vice-Marshal
AVSM Ati Vishisht Seva Medal (India)
b.  born
BA  Bachelor of Arts, British Airways
BAAF Bahrain Amiri Air Force
BAOR British Army of the Rhine
Barr  Barrister
Bart.  Baronet
BBC  British Broadcasting Corporation
BC  Before Christ, British Columbia
BCL  Bachelor of Civil Law
BD  Bachelor of Divinity
Bde.  brigade
BE  Buddhist Era
Beds.  Bedfordshire
BEM  Recipient of the British Empire Medal
Berks. Berkshire
BGM  Recipient of the Burma Gallantry Medal
BIOT  British Indian Ocean Territory
BL  British Library
BM  Recipient of the Barbados Bravery Medal. Recipient of the Bravery Medal (Australia). Bachelor of Medicine.
BMA  British Military Administration
BOAC British Overseas Airways Corporation
BPM  Recipient of the Burma Police Medal for gallantry or distinguished service (unoffical postnominal letters)
BR  Burma Rifles
BRCS British Red Cross Society
Brig.  Brigadier
Brig-Gen. Brigadier-General
Bros.  Brothers
BS  Bachelor of Surgery
BSc  Bachelor of Science
BSIP  British Solomon Islands Protectorate
BSM  Holder of the Medal Grade of the Barbados Service Award of the Order of Barbados. Battery Sergeant-Major.
BSS  Holder of the Star Grade of the Barbados Service Award of the Order of Barbados
Bt.  Baronet
Btn.  battalion
bur.  buried
BVI  British Virgin Islands
ca.  circa, i.e. about
CAF  Citizen Air Force (Australia)
Camb. Cambridge
CAS  Chief of the Air Staff
Cav.  Cavalry
CB  Member of the third class, Companion of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath
CBE  Member of the third class, Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
CC  Member of the first class, Companion of the Order of Canada. County Coincillor.
CCC  Member of the first class or Companion of the Order of the Caribbean Community
CCF  Combined Cadet Force
CD  Recipient of the Canadian Forces Decoration. Member of the first class or Commander of the Order of Distinction (Jamaica).
CE  Civil Engineer
cdt.  commandant
Cdr.  Commander
Cdre.  Commodore
CDS  Chief of the Defence Staff
Cent.  central
CENTO Central Treaty Organisation
CFSM Recipient of the Colonial Fire Service Medal for gallantry or distinguished service
CGC  Recipient of the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross
CGH  Recipient of the Castle of Good Hope Decoration (South Africa)
CGM  Recipient of the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Sea or Air)
CGS  Chief of the General Staff
CH  Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour. Commander of the The Most Precious Order of Princely Heritage (Antigua & Barbuda).
Ch.  Chief
Ch. Cmsnr. Chief Commissioner
Chair. Chairman, or chairwoman
Chanc. Chancellor
Chap.  Chaplain
CHB  Member of the second class or Companion of Honour of the Order of Barbados
CHM  Company Havildar Major
CI  Lady of the Imperial Order of the Crown of India
CIE  Member of the third class or Companion of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire
CIGS  Chief of the Imperial General Staff
C-in-C Commander in Chief
civ.  civil
CJ Chief Justice
CM  Commander of the Most Illustrious Order of Merit (Antigua & Barbuda). Member of the third class of the Order of Canada (since 1972). Recipient of the Medal of Courage of the Order of Canada (1967-1972). Recipient of the first, second, or third class of the Chaconia Medal (Trinidad and Tobago). Master in Surgery.
CMG  Member of the third class or, Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George
CMM  Member of the first class or, Commander of the Order of Military Merit (Canada)
CMS Church Missionary Society
Cmsnr. Commissioner
Cncl.  Council
CNZM Member of the third class or, Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit
Co.  Company, as in a trading company or manufacturer. County.
CO  Commanding Officer
c/o  child of
COAS Chief of the Army Staff
Col.  Colonel
Coll.  College
COM  Member of the first class or, Commander of the Order of Merit (of the Police Forces of Canada)
Comp. Companion
Coron. Coronation
Corp.  Corporation
COS  Chief of Staff
Cos.  Companies
coy.  company, as in a military unit
CP  Central Provinces (India), Cape Province (South Africa)
CPM  Recipient of the Colonial Police Medal for gallantry or distinguished service
CPO  Chief Petty Officer
CQ  Member of the third class or, Chevalier of the Ordre national du Quйbec (Canada).
cre.  created
CSC  Recipient of the Conspicuous Service Cross (UK). Conspicuous Service Cross (Australia).
CSI  Member of the third class or, Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Recipient of the Cross of the Distinguished Order of the Solomon Islands.
CSL  Member of the second class or Cross of the Order of St Lucia
CSM  Conspicuous Service Medal (Australia). Companion of the Star of Merit (St Christopher & Nevis). Company Sergeant-Major.
CSS Recipient of the second class, or Companion of the Order of the Star of Sarawak
CStJ  Member of the fourth class or Commander (Brother or Sister) of the Most Venerable Hospital of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in the British Realms
Cttee.  Committee
CV  Cross of Valour (Australia). Cross of Valour (Canada).
CVO  Member of the third class or Commander of the Royal Victorial Order
d.  died
DA  Member of the first class or Dame of St Andrew of the Order of Barbados
DAG  Deputy Adjutant-General
dau.  daughter
DBE  Member of the second class or Dame Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
DCB  Member of the second class or, Dame Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.
DCL  Doctor of Civil Law
DCLI  Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry
DCM  Recipient of the Distinguished Conduct Medal
DCMG Member of the second class or, Dame Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George.
DCN  Dame Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of the Nation (Antigua & Barbuda)
DCNZM Distinguished Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit
DCO  Duke of Cambridge's Own, or Duke of Connaught's Own
DCVO Member of the second class or, Dame Commander of the Royal Victorial Order.
DD  Doctor of Devinity
DDS  Doctor of Dental Surgery
deleg.  Delegate, delegation
dep.  deputy
dept.  department
desig.  designate
DFC  Recipient of the Distinguished Flying Cross
DFM  Recipient of the Distinguished Flying Medal
DG  Dragoon Guards
DGCN Dame Grand Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of the Nation (Antigua & Barbuda)
DGN  Dame Grand Collar of the Most Distinguished Order of the Nation (Antigua & Barbuda)
DGNH Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the National Hero (St Christopher & Nevis).
DH  District Head
DIG  Deputy Inspector-General
dip.  Diploma
Dir.  director
div.  divorced
DJAG  Deputy Judge Advocate-General
DJStJ Member of the third class or, Dame of Justice of the Most Venerable Hospital of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in the British Realms.
DK  Darjah Kerabat, the highest order of chivalry in a Malay state
DL  Deputy Lieutenant
D.Litt. Doctor of Literature
D.Mus. Doctor of Music
DNH  Dame Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the National Heros (Antigua & Barbuda).
DNZM Member of the second class or, Dame Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit.
DO  District Officer
d/o  daughter of
dpl.  Diploma
DPPS  Director of Public Prosecutions
Drags. Dragoons
DSC  Recipient of the Distinguished Service Cross
DSc.  Doctor of Science
DSO  Companion of the Distinguished Service Order
DSM  Recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal (UK). Recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal (Australia).
d.s.p.  decessit sine prole, i.e. died without issue
d.s.p.l. decessit sine prole legitima, i.e. died without legitimate issue
d.s.p.m. decessit sine prole mascula, i.e. died without male issue
d.s.p.s. decessit sine prole superstite, i.e. died without surviving issue
DStJ  Member of the third class or, Dame of Grace of the Most Venerable Hospital of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in the British Realms
DTD  Dekoratie Trouwe Dienst, i.e. Decoration for Faithful Service (South Africa)
d. unm. died unmarried
d.v.m.  decessit vita matris, i.e. died in the lifetime of the mother
d.v.p.  decessit vita patris, i.e. died in the lifetime of the father
dvpt.  development
DVR  Decoratie Van Riebeeck (South Africa)
DVSc.  Doctor of Veterinary Science
dvsn.  division
DWR  Duke of Wellington's Regiment
DYO  Duke of York's Own
(EC)  Emergency Commission
ED  Recipient of the Efficiency Decoration
educ.  educated
EEC  European Economic Community
EGM  Recipient of the Empire Gallantry Medal
ELR  East Lancashire Regiment
ELS  Europese Lagere School
EM  Recipient of the Edward Medal
Env.  Envoy
ERD  Recipient of the Army Emergency Reserve Officers' Decoration
Esq.  Esquire
EStJ  Esquire of the Most Venerable Hospital of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in the British Realms
EU  European Union
Exon.  Exeter
Ext.  Extraodinary
FAA  Fleet Air Arm
FANY First Aid Nursing Yeomanry
Fdn.  Foundation
Fed.  Federation
FFR  Frontier Force Regiment
FGS  Fellow of the Geological Society
FM  Field Marshal
FMS  Federated Malay States
FMSVF Federated Malay States Volunteer Force
FMU Fellow of Madras University
FO  Foreign Office
F/O  Flying Officer
FRAM Fellow of the Royal Academy of Music
FRAS Fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society
FRCM Fellow of the Royal College of Music
FRCP Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians
FRGS  Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society
FRIBA Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects
FRS  Fellow of the Royal Society
FSA Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries
Fus.  Fusiliers
FZS  Fellow of the Zoological Society
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GBE  Member of the first class, Knight or Dame Grand Cross of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire.
GC  Recipient of the George Cross. Grand Commander, Grand Companion, or Grand Cross.
G/C  Group Captain
GCB  Member of the first class, Knight or Dame Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.
GCH  Member of the first class or, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Guelphs of Hanover.
GCIE  Member of the first class or, Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.
GCM  Grand Cross of the Most Illustrious Order of Merit (Antigua & Barbuda). Holder of the Gold Grade of the Crown of Merit of the Order of Barbados.
GCMG Member of the first class, Knight or Dame Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George.
GCSI  Member of the first class or, Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India. Member of the first class or, Grand Cross of the Distinguished Order of the Solomon Islands.
GCSL  Member of the first class, Knight or Dame Grand Cross of the Order of St Lucia.
GCStJ Member of the first class, Bailiff or Dame Grand Cross of the Most Venerable Hospital of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in the British Realms
GCVO Member of the first class, Knight or Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorial Order
Gds  Guards
Gen.  General
Gib.  Gibralta
Glam.  Glamorgan
GM  Recipient of the George Medal
GNZM Member of the first class, Knight or Dame Grand Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit.
GO  Grand Officer
GOC  General Officer Commanding
GOI  Government of India
GOM  Grand Officer of the Most Illustrious Order of Merit (Antigua & Barbuda).
Gov.  Governor
Govt./govt. government
GOQ  Member of the first class or, Grand Officier of the Ordre national du Quйbec (Canada).
Grens. Grenadiers
GSO  General Staff Officer
HAC  The Honourable Artillery Company
Hants. Hampshire
HBC  The Hudsons Bay Company
H.B.M. His or Her Britanic Majesty
HBM  Recipient of the first, second, or third class of the Humming Bird Medal (Trinidad and Tobago)
HBS  Hogere Burger School, i.e. Citizens High School
HC  Honoris Crux (South Africa)
H.E.  His or Her Excellency. His Eminence (Cardinals of the the Church of Rome).
H.E.H. His Exalted Highness (Nizam of Hyderabad only)
HEIC  The Honourable East India Company
H.G.D.H. His or Her Grand Ducal Highness Highness
H.H.  His or Her Highness
H.I.H.  His or Her Imperial Highness (sons and daughters of Emperors)
H.Il.H. His or Her Illustrious Highness (mediatised Counts of the Holy Roman Empre)
H.I.M. His or Her Imperial Majesty (Emperors and Empresses)
H.I.R.H. His or Her Imperial and Royal Highness
HIS  Hogere Indische School, i.e. Indian High School
HLI  Highland Light Infantry
H.M.  His or Her Majesty
HMAS His or Her Majesty's Australian Ship
HMCS His or Her Majesty's Canadian Ship
HMCyS His or Her Majesty's Ceylon Ship
HMIS  His Majesty's Indian Ship
HMNZS His or Her Majesty's New Zealand Ship
HMPS His or Her Majesty's Pakistan Ship
HMS  His or Her Majesty's Ship
HO Home Office
Hon.  Honorary, Honourable
HP Himachal Pradesh (India)
H.P.H. His Princely Highness
H.R.E. Holy Roman Empire
H.R.H. His or Her Royal Highness
HS  Hogere School, i.e. High School
H.S.H. His or Her Serene Highness
Hunts. Huntingdonshire
Hus.  Hussars
IA  Indian Army
IAC  Indian Armoured Corps
IAF  Indian Air Force
IARO  Indian Army Reserve of Officers
IAS  Indian Administrative Service
ICC  Imperial Cadet Corps (India)
ICS  Indian Civil Service
i.d.c.  passed Imperial Defence College
IDSM  Recipient of the Indian Distinguished Service Medal
IGP  Inspector-General of Police
IGS  Indian General Service
IIAF  Imperial Iranian Air Force
IIN  Imperial Iranian Navy
IJN  Imperial Japanese Navy
illegit.  illegitimate
ILO  International Labour Organisation
IMD  Indian Medical Department
IMF  International Monetary Fund
Imp.  Imperial
IMS  Indian Medical Service
IN Indian Navy
INC  Indian National Congress
Inf.  Infantry
info.  information
INS Indian Naval Ship
Inst.  Institute
Instn.  Institution
IOM  Member of first, second, or third class of the Indian Order of Merit (military or civil); Isle of Man
ION  Imperial Ottoman Navy
IOW  Isle of Wight
IPM  Recipient of the Indian Police Medal for gallantry or distinguished service (unofficial postnominal letters)
ISC  Indian Staff Corps
ISF  Indian States Forces
ISO  Companion of the Imperial Service Order
JAG  Judge Advocate-General
JAKLI Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry (India)
JAKRIF Jammu and Kashmir Rifles (India)
Jam.  Jamedar
JCD  John Chard Decoration (South Africa)
JCM  John Chard Medal (South Africa)
jnr.  junior
JP  Justice of the Peace
KA  Member of the first class or, Knight of St Andrew of the Order of Barbados
KAR  King's African Rifles
KB  Knight of the Bath (to 1666); Knight Companion of the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath (1725 - 1814)
KBE  Member of the second class or, Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire.
KBt  Knight Banneret
KC  One of His Majesty's Counsel learned in the law (King's Counsel)
KCB  Member of the second class, Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.
KCH  Member of the second class or, Knight Commander of the Royal Order of the Guelphs of Hanover.
KCIE  Member of the second class or, Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire.
KCMG Member of the second class or, Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George.
KCN  Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of the Nation (Antigua & Barbuda)
KCSI  Member of the second class or, Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India.
KCVO Member of the second class or, Knight Commander of the Royal Victorial Order.
KDG  King's Dragoon Guards
KEO  King Edward's Own
KEVIIO King Edward the Seventh's Own
KFSM Recipient of the King's Fire Service Medal for gallantry or distinguished service
KG  Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
kg kilogram
KGCN Knight Grand Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of the Nation (Antigua & Barbuda)
KGN  Knight Grand Collar of the Most Distinguished Order of the Nation (Antigua & Barbuda)
KGNH Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the National Hero (St Christopher & Nevis).
KGO  King George's Own
KGVO King George the Fifth's Own
kgs kilograms
KH  Member of the third class or, Knight of the Royal Order of the Guelphs of Hanover.
KHDS King's Honorary Dental Surgeon
KHNS King's Honorary Nursing Sister
KHP  King's Honorary Physician
KHS  King's Honorary Surgeon
KHVS King's Honorary Veterinary Surgeon
k.  killed
k-i-a.  killed in action
KIH  Recipient of the first, second, or third class of the Kaiser-i-Hind Medal for Public Service in India (unnoffical postnomial letters)
KJStJ Member of the second class or, Knight of Justice of the Most Venerable Hospital of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in the British Realms.
km kilometre
KMA  Royal Military Acadamy (the Netherlands)
KMC  Recipient of the King's Medal for Chiefs
kms kilometres
KNH  Knight Companion of the Most Exalted Order of the National Heros (Antigua & Barbuda).
KNIL  Koninklijk Nederlands-Indisch Leger, i.e. the Royal Netherlands Indies Army
KNL  Koninklijk Nederlands Leger, i.e. the Royal Netherlands Army
Knt Knight
Knt Bach Knight Bachelor
KNZM Member of the second class or, Knight Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit.
KOM Recipient of the Kedah Order of Merit (Malaysia)
KORR King's Own Royal Regiment
KOSB King's Own Scottish Borderers
KOYLI King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
KP  Knight Companion of the Most Illustrious Order of St Patrick (Ireland)
KPM  Recipient of the King's Police Medal for gallantry or distinguished service
KRRC King's Royal Rifle Corps
KSI  Knight of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India
KSLI  King's Shropshire Light Infantry
KSM  Kyet thaye zaung shwe Salwe ya Min = Recipient of the Gold Chain of Honour (Burma)
KStJ  Member of the third class or Knight of Grace of the Most Venerable Hospital of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in the British Realms
KT  Knight Companion of the Most Ancient and Noble Order of the Thistle
Lancs. Lancashire
LCJ Lord Chief Justice
Lect.  lecturer
legit.  legitimate
Leics.  Leicestershire
LG  Lady Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter. Life Guards.
LH  Light Horse
LI  Light Infantry
Lieut.  Lieutenant
Lieut-Cdr. Lieutenant-Commander
Lieut-Col. Lieutenant-Colonel
Lieut-Gen. Lieutenant-General
Lieut-Gov. Lieutenant-Governor
Lincs.  Lincolnshire
LL.B.  legum baccalaurus, i.e. Bachelor of Laws
LL.D.  legum doctor, i.e. Doctor of Laws
LL.M.  legum magister, i.e. Master of Laws
Lncrs. Lancers
loc. cit. loco citato, i.e. in the place quoted.
LSE  London School of Economics
LSH  Lord Strathcona's Horse (Canada)
LT  Lady Companion of the Most Ancient and Noble Order of the Thistle
LTA Lawn Tennis Association
Ltd.  Limited
LVO  Member of the fourth class or, Lieutenant of the Royal Victorial Order.
LWD  Recipient of the Louw Wepener Decoration (South Africa)
M.  Monsieur
m.  married
MA  Master of Arts
Mag.  Magistrate
Maj.  Major
Maj-Gen. Major-General
Mancun. Manchester
MAO  Muslim Anglo Oriental, college, Aligarh
MAS  Malay Administrative Service
matric. matriculation
MB  Medal of Bravery (Canada), mediciniae baccalaureus, i.e. Bachelor of Medicine
MBE  Member of the fifth class or, Member of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire.
MC  Recipient of the Military Cross
MCC Marylebone Cricket Club
MD mediciniae doctor, i.e. Doctor of Medicine
Mdsx.  Middlesex
MEC  Member of the Executive Council
MFA  Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MFH  Master of Foxhounds
MG  Medal for Gallantry (Australia). Holder of the Medal of Honour for Gallantry (Jamaica).
MGC  Machine Gun Corps
MH  Member of The Most Precious Order of Princely Heritage (Antigua & Barbados). Recipient of the Medal of Honour (St Christopher & Nevis).
MHR  Member of the House of Representatives
MID  Mentioned in dispatches
Mil.  Military
Min.  Minister
MLA  Member of the Legislative Assembly
MLC  Member of the Legislative Council
MLI  Mahratta Light Infantry
Mlle.  mademoiselle
MM  Recipient of the Military Medal. Member of the Most Illustrious Order of Merit (Antigua & Barbuda).
Mme.  madame
MMM  Member of the third class of the Order of Military Merit (Canada). Military Merit Medal (South Africa).
MMV  Medal of Military Valour (Canada)
MNZM Member of the fifth class of the New Zealand Order of Merit
MOH  Ministry of Health
MOM  Member of the Order of Merit (of the Police Forces of Canada). Recipient of the first, second, or third class of the Public Service Medal of Merit (Trinidad and Tobago).
Mon.  Monmouthshire
MP  Member of Parliament
MR  Mounted Rifles
Mr Mister
MRCP Member of the Royal College of Physicians
MRCS Member of the Royal College of Surgeons
MRCVS Member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
MSA  Member of the State Assembly
MSC  Member of the State Council. Recipient of the Meritorious Service Cross (Canada).
MSM  Recipient of the Meritorious Service Medal
msn.  mission
MSS Recipient of the first class, or Master of the Order of the Star of Sarawak
MULO Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs
MVC  Maha Vir Chakra (India)
MVF  Malay Volunteer Force
MVI  Malay Volunteer Infantry
MVO  Member of the fourth class (1897 - 1982) or fifth class of the Royal Victorial Order
MWO  Militaire Willems-Orde, i.e. the Military Order of William (Netherlands)
MY Motor Yacht
NAAFI Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes
NASA North American Space Agency
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NB  New Brunswick
Nb. Sub. Naib Subedar
NCO  Non-Commissioned Officer
NE  North East
NH  National Hero
Northants. Northamptonshire
Northumb. Northumberland
Notts.  Nottinghamshire
NR North Riding
NRR  Northern Rhodesia Regiment
NS  Nova Scotia
NSC  Recipient of the Nursing Service Cross (Australia). Recipient of the National Service Cross (St Lucia).
NSM  Recipient of the National Service Medal (St Lucia). Nao Sena Medal (India).
NW  North West
NWFP North West Frontier Province
NWP  North West Provinces
NZ  New Zealand
NZSC  New Zealand Staff Corps
NZTAF New Zealand Territorial Air Force
NZTF  New Zealand Territorial Force
OAM  Recipient of the Medal of the Order of Australia
OB  Member of the Order of Burma. Member of the Order of Belize.
OBC  Member of the Order of British Columbia (Canada).
OBE  Member of the fourth class or, Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire.
OBI  Member of the first or second class of the Order of British India
OBLI  Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry
OC  Member of the second class or, Officer of the Order of Canada. Officer Commanding.
OCC  Member of the second class or, Officer of the Order of the Caribbean Community.
OCTU Officer Cadets Training Unit
OD  Member of the Order of Distincion (Antigua & Barbuda). Member of the Order of Distincion (St Christopher & Nevis). Member of the second class or Officer of the Order of Distinction (Jamaica).
OECD Organisation for European Co-operation and Development
Ofcr.  Officer
OH  Member of The Most Precious Order of Princely Heritage (Antigua & Barbuda)
OJ  Member of the Order of Jamaica
OM  Officer of the Most Illustrious Order of Merit (Antigua & Barbuda). Member of the Order of Manitoba (Canada). Member of the Order of Merit (Jamaica). Member of the Order of Merit (UK).
OMM  Member of the second class or Officer of the Order of Military Merit (Canada)
ON  Member of the Order of the Nation (Antigua and Barbuda). Member of the Order of the Nation (Jamaica).
ONZ  Member of the Order of New Zealand
ONZM Member of the fourth class or Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit
OOM  Member of the second class or, Officer of the Order of Merit (of the Police Forces of Canada)
OOnt  Member of the Order or Ontario (Canada).
ops.  operations
OQ  Member of the second class or, Officier of the Ordre national du Quйbec (Canada).
Org.  Organisation
OStJ  Member of the fifth class, or Officer (Brother or Sister) of the Most Venerable Hospital of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in the British Realms
OSS Recipient of the third class, or Officer of the Order of the Star of Sarawak
OSVIA Opleiding School Voor Indische Artsen
OTC  Officer Training Corps
Oxon.  Oxford
PARA Parachute (Regiment)
Parl.  Parliament, parliamentary
PAV  Prince Albert Victor's
PC  Privy Councillor. Police Constable.
PCNZM Principal Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit
PEI  Prince Edward Island
PEPSU Patiala and Eastern Punjab States Union
Ph.D.  philosophiae doctor, i.e. Doctor of Philosophy
Plen.  Plenipotentiary
PMRAFNS Princess Mary's Royal Air Force Nursing Service
PO  Petty Officer (Navy) or Pilot Officer (Air Force)
POW  Prince of Wales's
PPCLI Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
PR  public relations
Preb.  Prebendary
Presdt. President
Princ.  Principal
Prof.  Professor
prom.  promoted
PSM  Public Service Medal (Australia)
Pte.  Private
PVC  Param Vir Chakra (India)
PVSM Param Vishishta Seva Medal (India)
PWD  Public Works Department
PWO  Prince of Wales's Own
QAIMNS Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service
QARANC Queen Alexandra's Roayl Army Nursing Corps
QARNNS Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service
QC  Queen's Counsel, i.e. one of Her Majesty's Counsel learned in the law
QDG  Queen's Dragoon Guards
QFSM Recipient of the Queen's Fire Service Medal
QGM  Recipient of the Queen's Gallantry Medal
QHC  Queen's Honorary Chaplain
QHDS Queen's Honorary Dental Surgeon
QHNS Queen's Honorary Nursing Sister
QHP  Queen's Honorary Physician
QHS  Queen's Honorary Surgeon
QHVS Queen's Honorary Veterinary Surgeon
QM  Quartermaster
QMC  Recipient of the Queen's Medal for Chiefs
QMG  Quartermaster-General
QMO  Queen Mary's Own
QO  Queen's Own
QPM  Recipient of the Queen's Police Medal for gallantry or distinguished service
QRVSM Queen's Royal Volunteer Service Medal
QSM  Recipient of the Queen's Service Medal for community or public service (New Zealand)
QSO  Companion of the Queen's Service Order for community or public service (New Zealand)
QVO  Queen Victoria's Own
RA  Royal Academecian. Royal Regiment of Artillery.
RAA  Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery
RAAC Royal Australian Armoured Corps
RAAF Royal Australian Air Force
RAAMC Royal Australian Army Medical Corps
RAC  Royal Armoured Corps
RADA Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
RAE  Corps of Royal Australian Engineers
RAEC Royal Army Educational Corps
RAEME Corps of Royal Australian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
RAF Royal Air Force
RAFVR Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve
Raj Rif Rajputana Rifles (India)
RAN  Royal Australian Navy
RANR Royal Australian Naval Reserve
RANVR Royal Australian Naval Volunteer Reserve
RAOC Royal Army Ordnance Corps
RAPC Royal Army Pay Corps
RAR  Royal Australian Regiment
RAS  Royal Asiatic Society
RASC Royal Army Service Corps
RAuxAF Royal Auxiliary Air Force
RAVC Royal Army Veterinary Corps
RC Roman Catholic
RCA  Royal Canadian Regiment of Artillery
RCAC Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
RCAF Royal Canadian Air Force
RCAMC Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps
RCAS Royal Central Asian Society
RCE  Corps of Royal Canadian Engineers
RCEME Corps of Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
RCH  Royal Canadian Hussars
RCMP Royal Canadian Mounted Police
RCN  Royal Canadian Navy
RCNR Royal Canadian Naval Reserve
RCNRVR Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve
RCR  Royal Canadian Regiment
RCT  Royal Corps of Transport
Rcvd./rcvd. received
RCyAF Royal Ceylon Air Force
RCyN Royal Ceylon Navy
RD  Recipient of the Royal Naval Reserve Officers' Decoration
Rd.  Road
RDC  Rural District Council
RE  Corps of Royal Engineers
REAF Royal Egyptian Air Force
Rear-Ad. Rear-Admiral
Recce. Reconnaissance
Regt.  Regiment
REME Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
REN  Royal Egyptian Navy
repud. repudiated
Rev  The Reverend (Priests, Vicars, Canons)
RFA  Royal Regiment of Field Artillery
RFC  Royal Flying Corps
RFD  Recipient of the Reserve Forces Decoration (Australia)
RGA  Royal Regiment of Garrison Artillery
RGR  Royal Garhwal Rifles, or Royal Gurkha Rifles
RHA  Royal Regiment of Horse Artillery
RHG  Royal Horse Guards
RHLI  Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Canada)
RIA  Royal Regiment of Indian Artillery
RIAF  Royal Indian Air Force
RIC  Royal Irish Constabulary
RIE  Corps of Royal Indian Engineers
RIM  Royal Indian Marine
RIMA Royal Indian Military Academy
RIN  Royal Indian Navy
RIR  Royal Irish Rifles
RM  Corps of Royal Marines
RMA  Royal Military Academy, Royal Marine Artillery, Royal Regiment of Malta Artillery
RMAF Royal Malaysian Air Force
RMC  Royal Military College
RMLI  Royal Marine Light Infantry
RMN  Royal Malaysian Navy
RN  Royal Navy
RNC  Royal Naval College, Royal Natal Carbineers (South Africa)
RNLI  Royal National Lifeboat Institution
RNR  Royal Naval Reserve. Royal Norfolk Regiment.
RNVR Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve
RNZA Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery
RNZAF Royal New Zealand Air Force
RNZAMC Royal New Zealand Army Medical Corps
RNZEME Corps of Royal New Zealand Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
RNZN Royal New Zealand Navy
RNZNR Royal New Zealand Naval Reserve
RNZNVR Royal New Zealand Naval Volunteer Reserve
RNZR Royal New Zealand Regiment
Roy.  Royal
RPAF Royal Pakistan Air Force
RPN  Royal Pakistan Navy
RR  Rajputana Rifles (India)
RRC  Member of the first class of the Royal Red Cross
RRR  Royal Rhodesia Regiment
RS Royal Society
Rs Rupees
RSA  Royal Scottish Academy
RSigs  Corps of Royal Signals
RSM  Regimental Sergeant-Major
Rt Excellent The Right Excellent (Recipients of the orders of the National Hero of Jamaica, Barbados, etc.)
Rt Hon The Right Honourable
Rt Rev The Right Reverend
RTC  Royal Tank Corps
RTR  Royal Tank Regiment
RU Rugby Union
RUC  Royal Ulster Constablulary
RUR  Royal Ulster Rifles
RVM  Recipient of the Medal of the Royal Victorian Order
RWAFF Royal West African Frontier Force
RWF  Royal Welsh Fusiliers
RYS Royal Yacht Squadron
SA  South Africa, Salvation Army
Salop.  Shropshire
SAN  South African Navy
SAS Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati (India, title for Maratha married ladies)
SASO  Senior Air Staff Officer
SBStJ Member of the sixth class or Serving Brother of the Most Venerable Hospital of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in the British Realms
SC  Recipient of the Star of Courage (Australia). Recipient of the Star of Courage (Canada). State Councillor.
SCC  Sea Cadet Corps
Sc.D.  scientiae doctor, i.e. Doctor of Science
Sch.  School
SCM  Holder of the Silver Grade of the Crown of Merit of the Order of Barbados
SD  Holder of the Southern Cross Decoration (South Africa)
SE  South East
SEAC South East Asia Command
SEATO South East Asia Treaty Organisation
Sec.  Secretary
SG  Recipient of the Star of Gallantry (Australia). Holder of the Barbados Star of Gallantry.
SGM  Recipient of the Sea Gallantry Medal (The Board of Trade Medal for Saving Life at Sea)
Sigs  Signals
SJ Society of Jesus
SJAB  Saint John's Ambulance Brigade
SLC  Recipient of the Saint Lucia Cross
SLMH Recipient of the Medal of Honour of the Order of St Lucia
SLMM Recipient of the Medal of Merit of the Order of St Lucia
SLPM Recipient of the Les Pitons Medal of the Order of St Lucia
SM  Recipient of the Medal of Service of the Order of Canada (1967-1972). Recipient of the Southern Cross Medal (South Africa). Sena Medal (India)
Smt Shrimati (India)
SMV  Recipient of the Star of Military Valour (Canada)
SO  Staff Officer
s/o  son of
SOAS  School of Oriental and African Studies
Soc.  Society
Som.  Somerset
SOM  Member of the Saskatchewan Order of Merit (Canada).
SP  Superintendant of Police
SS  Saints
SSA  Recipient of the 1st Class (Gold) of the Order of the Star of South Africa
SSAF  Straits Settlements Air Force
SSAFA Soldiers', Sailors' and Airmens ' Families Association
SSAS  Recipient of the 2nd Class (Silver) of the Order of the Star of South Africa
SSC  Short Service Commission
SSStJ  Member of the sixth class or Serving Sister of the Most Venerable Hospital of the Order of St John of Jerusalem in the British Realms
St.  Street, Saint.
St Kitts St Christopher
Staffs. Staffordshire
STOVIA School Tot Opleiding Voor Indische Artsen, i.e. Indigeneous School for Medicine
Sub Maj. Subedar Major
succ.  succeeded
Supt.  Superintendant
SVM  Recipient of the Saskatchewan Volunteer Medal
SW  South West
SWA  South West Africa
SWB  South Wales Borderers
SYSM  Sarvottam Yudha Seva Medal (India)
TA  Territorial Army
TC  Recipient of the Trinity Cross (Trinidad and Tobago)
TD  Recipient of the Territorial Officers' Decoration (1908-1932). Recipient of the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration conferred in New Zealand (1911-1927). Recipient of the Territorial Officers' Efficiency Decoration (1932-1967, 1982). Recipient of the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve Officers Efficiency Decoration (1967-1982).
TDM  Thuye gaung ngwe Da ya Min = Recipient of the Silver Sword for Bravery (Burma).
Temp. temporary
TF  Territorial Force
TJFF  Trans Jordan Frontier Force
TNI  Tentara Nasional Indonesia, i.e. the national army of Indonesia
TPS  Taing kyo Pyi kyo Saung = One who has promoted the welfare of his country (Burma)
TRI  Tentara Republik Indonesia, i.e.  army of the Republic of Indonesia 1945-47
UAE United Arab Emirates
UCL  University College London
UDC  Urban District Council
UK  United Kingdom
Univ.  University
unm.  unmarried
UN  United Nations
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation
UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
UNO  United Nations Organisation
UP  United Presbyterian, United Press, United Provinces (India), Uttar Pradesh (India after 1956)
US  United States of America
USA  United States
USAAF United States Army Air Force
USAF United States Air Force
USN  United States Navy
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
UYSM Uttam Yudh Seva Medal (India)
VA  Lady of the first, second, third, or fourth class of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert
VAD  Voluntary Aid Detachment
VC  Recipient of the Victoria Cross
VCO  Viceroy's Commissioned Officer
VD  Recipient of the Volunteer Officers' Decoration. Recipient of the Indian Volunteer Forces Officers' Decoration. Recipient of the Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration. Recipient of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Officers' Decoration (1902-1948).
Ven  Venerable
Vice-Ad. Vice-Admiral
VIP  Very Important Person
VM Vayu Sena Medal (India)
VOC  Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, i.e. the United East India Company of the Netherlands
Vol.  Volunteer
Vols.  Volunteers
Vr.C.  Vir Chakra (India)
VR  Volunteer Rifles
VRD  Recipient of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Officers' Decoration
VRM  Recipient of the Van Riebeeck Medal (South Africa)
VSM  Vishishta Seva Medal (India)
WAAF Women's Auxiliary Air Force
War.  Warwickshire
WC  West Central
W/Cdr. Wing Commander
WHO  World Health Organisation
WI West Indies, Women's Institute
Winton Winchester
WO  Warrant Officer. War Office.
Worcs. Worcestershire
WRAC Women's Royal Army Corps
WRAF Women's Royal Air Force
WRNS Women's Royal Naval Service
WRVS Women's Royal Voluntary Service
WS  Writer to the Signet
(WS)  War Service
WVS Women's Voluntary Service
WWII  World War Two
WW2  World War Two
Xmas Christmas
Xtian Christian
Yeo  Yeomanry
YMCS Young Men's Christian Association
Yorks. Yorkshire
yr.  younger
YSM  Yudh Seva Medal (India)
yst.  youngest
YWCA Young Women's Christian Association
ZH  Zeine Hoogheid, i.e. His Highness
ZVH  Zeine Vorstelijke Hoogheid, i.e. His Princely Highness

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